Some large U.S. multinationals that consume aluminum, particularly the beer industry, will seemingly not rest until the government receives authority to intervene in commodities markets at their behest.
Earlier in the decade, a number of metal
extrusion companies filed suits that argued the London Metal Exchange
(LME)—the futures exchange that sets global reference prices for metals—was
involved in price manipulation, along with Goldman Sachs and several other
aluminum traders. A complex antitrust case followed, but the LME was found to
have sovereign immunity and the plaintiffs were found to lack standing to
complain of direct injury. In fact, prices had actually fallen in the
years of alleged manipulation.
Despite failing the last time around, these
multinationals have not stopped. Now, they are trying to give the Commodities
Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) the power to set aluminum prices.
Introduced at the industry’s behest, the Aluminum Pricing Examination Act, or APEX, would shove markets to the sidelines and give the CFTC “exclusive jurisdiction over the setting of reference prices for aluminum premiums.”
Why are these beverage-makers pushing government intervention?
Why are these beverage-makers pushing government intervention? Because they claim there is price manipulation within the aluminum market that costs them millions. But the CFTC itself already monitors the aluminum market closely. The CFTC’s former chairman, J. Christopher Giancarlo, testified before Congress last May. He said the CFTC has been “looking at aluminum for years…but we have not found manipulation within the markets.”
The spot price of aluminum is affected by many factors
The spot price of aluminum is affected
by many factors. Proponents of CFTC intervention are trying to make a
case for manipulation on the basis that President Trump’s tariff
alone could not have raised the spot price to its current level. But this
assertion overlooks other crucial market factors affecting prices,
including: a jump in U.S. transportation costs; significant shortages
caused by an 18-month lockout of union workers—which
slashed one major aluminum supplier’s production by
two-thirds; and, sanctions placed on the Russian giant Rusal—the
second largest U.S. supplier in 2016 and 2017. None of
these occurrences should justify government intervention in the aluminum
As things currently stand, companies such as S&P Global Platts already serve as a bulwark against market manipulation. S&P and its competitors operate as independent reporters of aluminum prices, offering unbiased and transparent information to serve as reference points for price negotiations. Those reports on the value of aluminum actively prevent the type of manipulation that the beer industry is supposedly concerned about.
In reality, breweries are urging the bill’s passage for one reason: profit. Indeed, the APEX Act will pad breweries’ bottom lines—but at the expense of the aluminum industry and the health of the U.S. economy. By keeping aluminum prices artificially low, the APEX Act will ensure that breweries pay less for their metal cans. After all, 64 percent of beer made in the United States last year was sold in cans—an increase from 56 percent a decade prior. But more importantly, it forces the metalworking industry to accept below-market rates for their products—precisely what they were forced to endure under the policies of previous administrations.
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